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Indigenous Australians and Tobacco: A literature review

This study has three specific aims: to review literature on tobacco use among Indigenous Australians; to provide an audit of tobacco interventions and programs for Indigenous Australians; and to assess the effectiveness of the various interventions and programs with Indigenous Australians. While there is an abundance of evidence for the effectiveness of tobacco interventions in other Australian populations, only one formally evaluated intervention program was found to have had any effect in Indigenous communities. The author makes recommendations for future research into the causes of the high incidence of tobacco use among Indigenous Australians, to more fully evaluate existing interventions, and into other factors that could cut tobacco use by Indigenous Australians.