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Assessing Cost-Effectiveness in Prevention (ACE–Prevention): Final Report

This report presents the results from a National Health and Medical Research Council Health Research Grant (ACE–Prevention). the project evaluated 123 preventive interventions and 27 interventions. It also adapted general population models to estimate the costeffectiveness 21 interventions for the Indigenous population.

ACE–Prevention is a significant achievement, more than doubling the published economic appraisal research on health illness prevention in Australia. While not purporting to be exhaustive, ACE–Prevention does provide an extensive and balanced coverage of the available evidence base for priority-setting in the prevention of non-communicable disease in Australia.

Importantly, the findings demonstrate how to achieve not only a more efficient system of health, but also a fairer system. The report’s focus on deeply entrenched health inequalities facing Indigenous Australians paints a striking picture.  We simply must do more to improve the physical and mental health of those experiencing social, economic or geographical disadvantage.